PianoTeacher.Org, White Rock, B.C., Canada
Johann Sebastian Bach ( 1685 - 1750 )
A German composer and organist, he was born in Eisenach, Thuringa.
J.S. Bach is considered to be one of most influential composers of all time.
Bach was a wunderkind, a musician, a mathematician , a mathemusician.
Along with the other Fathers of Music, Mozart, Handel, and Beethoven, he wrote profusely.
Blessed with a creative mind, he churned out music because he loved and endeared it.
It is known that he wrote music for God, the higher power, who he felt guided and directed his life.
It was his passion to please his God, and Bach produced some of the finest music ever written.
J.S. Bach held a variety of positions, including titles as organist, choirmaster, and director of Music.
His last post was that held at the school and church of St. Thomas in Leipzig, where died.
He did win great fame as an organist, but did not fare as well as a composer during his life time.
His contemporaries did not give him his due respect, and his music slide into obscurity until well after his death.
He is now considered as previously mentioned as one of the last great composers of the Baroque Period.
He was a master of polyphonic types of music.
JS composed virtually every form of music of his time.
The only style of music he did not attempt to write, was that of the Opera.
The main catagories of Music are as follows:
Some of the well known chorale compositions by name he wrote are as follows:
- Compositions for the organ
fantasias, chorales, preludes, and fugues
- Orchestral and Instrumental Music
The Brandenburg Concertos, 48 Preludes and Fuques, Suites and Partitas
- Choral Works
300 church cantatas, one well known 'Ode to Joy', The Christmas Oratario, Many Masses
Not only was Bach a prolific writer of music but seemed to posses the same ability to mass produce children as well. He had twenty children by two marriages, three of his sons became notable musical figures in their own right.
- St. John Passion
- Mass in B minor
- Christmas Oratorio
- Bauern Cantata
- Caffee Cantata
The following are some of the instrumental compositions he put to manuscript:
- Brandenburg Concertos for Orchestra (1-6)
- Concerto in the Italian Style
- Sonatas for Voilin and Piano (1-6)
- Suites for Orchestra (1-4)
- Chromatic Fantasy and Fuque
- The Well Tempered Clavachord (Books I and II)
- French Suites (1-6)
- English Suites (1-6)
- "Goldberg"Variations (1-32)
- The Art of Fuque
- Musikalisches Opfer for Harpsichord
Wilhelm Friedmann, Carl Phillip Emanuel, Johann Christian all made their mark in their time in the music world.
Updated September 21, 2000
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